Clip from Moderna press release. Red from me:
CAMBRIDGE, MA and RAHWAY, NJ / ACCESSWIRE / June 5, 2023 / Moderna, Inc. (NASDAQ:MRNA), a biotechnology company pioneering messenger RNA (mRNA) therapeutics and vaccines, and Merck (NYSE:MRK), known as MSD outside of the United States and Canada, today announced distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) results from the Phase 2b randomized KEYNOTE-942/mRNA-4157-P201 study, a clinical trial evaluating mRNA-4157 (V940), an investigational individualized neoantigen therapy (INT), in combination with KEYTRUDA, Merck's anti-PD-1 therapy, in patients with resected high-risk melanoma (stage III/IV). In the overall intention-to-treat (ITT) population, adjuvant treatment with mRNA-4157 (V940) in combination with KEYTRUDA demonstrated a statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvement in DMFS, a key secondary endpoint of the study, compared with KEYTRUDA alone and reduced the risk of developing distant metastasis or death by 65% (HR=0.347 [95% CI, 0.145-0.828]); one-sided p value=0.0063). The secondary endpoint of DMFS, defined as the time from the first dose of KEYTRUDA until the date of first distant recurrence or death from any cause, was pre-specified for statistical testing following the positive primary endpoint of recurrence-free survival (RFS
"We are excited to be sharing these results with the oncology community and thrilled to see such an exceptional result in distant melanoma recurrence or death. Patients who experience metastases at distant sites typically have worse survival outcomes and a poor prognosis, thus these results showing a reduction in the risk of distant recurrence underscore the potential of neoantigen therapy," said Kyle Holen, M.D. Moderna's Senior Vice President and Head of Development, Therapeutics and Oncology. "These results add to the emerging picture of how individualized neoantigen therapy may transform melanoma treatment and the promise it may hold for other types of cancer. Together with Merck, we are rapidly advancing our efforts to move this forward for patients."
"Patients with stage III and IV melanoma can be at high risk of having their cancer recur or metastasize to other sites," said Dr. Eric H. Rubin, senior vice president, global clinical development, Merck Research Laboratories. "These new DMFS results build upon the positive recurrence-free survival data previously observed from this Phase 2b study, and we look forward to working with Moderna to initiate a Phase 3 study in melanoma later this year."